Dedicated phosphor developments for future Laser based headlights English

  • Category Technical paper
  • Edition SIA
  • Date 10/14/2014
  • Language English
  • Type PDF file (294.68 Ko)
    (Downloadable immediately on receipt of online payment)
  • Number of pages 8
  • Code R-2014-03-15
  • Fee from 8.00 € to 10.00 €

Laser based forward lighting is seen as the next technological revolution in automotive lighting [1]. Laser diodes emitting more than 1 W of blue light combined with dedicated phosphors enable white light sources with several hundreds of lumen. First implementations will make use of the extremely high luminance of nearly point-like sources. Ideas for future applications include high dynamic beam pattern making use of the ability to control the laser light with high accuracy. Both cases have their specific challenges not only for the laser diodes themselves, but also for the phosphors used to generate white light.


While the phosphor of an automotive white LED is typically applied directly on the LED surface, the blue light of the laser diode is radiated towards a remotely placed phosphor target. This phosphor has to fulfill several key tasks at conditions that differ significantly from those in phosphor-converted LEDs:

• Convert part of the blue light efficiently to a complementary color –typically yellow- under extremely high power density (up to and beyond 100 times the power density in LEDs)

• Mix the blue and yellow light homogeneously in space and direction

• Maintain a high contrast over extremely short distances of the order of 100 micron

• Efficiently extract the heat inevitably generated as side effect of the conversion


We will elaborate in this paper how these conflicting requirements can be addressed by choosing the optimum phosphor base material, doping concentration, morphology and dimension. We will analyze, how these parameters affect the conversion efficiency, light mixing, contrast transfer function and thermal design. We will indicate how different application constraints, e.g. maximizing luminance versus maximizing contrast, may require different phosphor solutions.


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